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Submissions from 2019

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Rethinking the 3Rs: From Whitewashing to Rights, Charlotte E. Blattner

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Research and Testing Without Animals: Where Are We Now and Where Are We Heading?, Thomas Hartung

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Refinement on the Way Towards Replacement: Are We Doing What We Can?, Kathrin Herrmann

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When Is an Alternative Not an Alternative? Supporting Progress for Absolute Replacement of Animals in Science, Craig Redmond

Submissions from 2013

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A Vision Becoming Reality, Gill Langley

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Humane Society International’s Global Campaign to End Animal Testing, Troy Seidle

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History of the 3Rs in Toxicity Testing: From Russell and Burch to 21st Century Toxicology, Martin L. Stephens and Nina S. Mak

Submissions from 2010

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Cross-Sector Review of Drivers and Available 3Rs Approaches for Acute Systemic Toxicity Testing, Troy Seidle, Sally Robinson, Tom Holmes, Stuart Creton, Pilar Prieto, Julia Scheel, and Magda Chlebus

Submissions from 2009

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Personal Reflections on Russell and Burch, FRAME, and The HSUS, Martin Stephens

Submissions from 2004

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Animals and Alternatives: Societal Expectations and Scientific Need, Alan M. Goldberg

Submissions from 2001

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The First Forty Years of the Alternatives Approach: Refining, Reducing, and Replacing the Use of Laboratory Animals, Martin L. Stephens, Alan M. Goldberg, and Andrew N. Rowan

Submissions from 1995

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The Three Rs: The Way Forward, Michael Balls, Alan M. Goldberg, Julia H. Fentem, Caren L. Broadhead, Rex L. Burch, Michael F.W. Festing, John M. Frazier, Coenraad F.M. Hendriksen, Margaret Jennings, Margot D.O. van der Kamp, David B. Morton, Andrew N. Rowan, Claire Russell, William M.S. Russell, Horst Spielmann, Martin Stephens, William S. Stokes, Donald W. Straughan, James D. Yager, Joanne Zurlo, and Bert F.M. van Zutphen

Submissions from 1983

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Alternatives to Animal Experimentation, Steven M. Niemi

Submissions from 1981

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Fight for Alternatives Gathers Momentum: Commitments to Help Lab Animals are Extracted from Industry and Government

Submissions from 1980

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Laboratory Animals and Alternatives in the 80's, Andrew N. Rowan