The Philippines is among the Southeast Asian countries that has a long-standing problem with rabies. About 200 people die of rabies each year in the Philippines, and most are attributed to dog bite cases (Deray, 2015). The sources of infection of more than 95% of human rabies cases worldwide have been reported to be domestic dogs (Cleaveland, et al., 2006). Focusing on the main source rather than the human population, is therefore, the best strategy to eliminate rabies. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends covering at least 70% of the existing domestic dog population with rabies vaccination in the shortest time possible (WHO, 2015). Experts and epidemiologists also recommend maintaining the population immunity above this critical level for at least twelve months, which also interrupts the transmission of rabies among the target population (Coleman & Dye, 1996; Cleaveland, et al., 2003; Hampson, et al., 2009; Morters, et al., 2013).
Kartal, Tamara; Sneddon, Lynne U.; and Chaudhari, Amit, "Report on Owned Dog Population Survey In Zamboanga, Philippines" (2018). Demography and Statistics for Companion Animal Populations Collection. 6.