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Colin A. Chapman and Michael A. Huffman, Why do we want to think humans are different?

Abstract

The hypothesis that humans are superior to non-humans by virtue of higher cognitive powers is often supported by two recurrent fallacies: (1) that any competence shown by humans but not by our closest living relatives (apes) must be unique to humans; and (2) that grades of intelligence can be inferred from behavior without regard to motivational structures.

Author Biography

Don Ross is Professor and Head, School of Sociology, Philosophy, Criminology, Government, and Politics at University College Cork, Ireland; Professor, School of Economics, University of Cape Town, South Africa; and Program Director for Methodology, Center for Economic Analysis of Risk, Georgia State University, Atlanta. An experimental economist specializing in risk and time preferences and their biological origins, including in non-humans, he is also a philosopher of science. Website

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