Klein, Colin (2017) Precaution, proportionality and proper commitments. Animal Sentience 16(9)
Jonathan Birch, Animal sentience and the precautionary principle
Birch’s extension of the precautionary principle (PP) is plausible but raises issues about how proportionality ought to be incorporated into law. Following Steel (2013), I suggest that the PP is best considered as a meta-norm, and as such any resulting laws are likely to lack the fineness of grain that we would hope to achieve. To fill the gap, I suggest a parallel with the ethics of studying looted artifacts.