Brodbeck, David R. and Brodbeck, Madeleine I. R. (2017) Cognitive continuity in cognitive dissonance. Animal Sentience 12(8)
Thomas R. Zentall, Cognitive dissonance or contrast?
Zentall’s (2016) model of cognitive dissonance is compatible with cognitive continuity between humans and nonhumans. It may help explain cognitive dissonance-like behavior in many species, including humans. It is also consistent with Tinbergen’s (1963) ‘four whys’ in ethological explanation.