Both wild and domesticated animals had a direct and wide-ranging role in the life of the ancient Greeks and Romans. The bond between humans and animals which first originated in the economic needs went far beyond strictly practical matters. It did influence and enrich the Classical culture in its major aspects from literature and arts to philosophy and ethics. It also induced people to analyze the main implications of their relationship with "subhuman" creatures. The present paper aims to survey the range of the attitudes they developed about animals. It also examines to what extent they were concerned with the problems related to animal welfare and rights, and how they coped with them.
Bodson, L. (1983). Attitudes toward animals in Greco-Roman antiquity. International Journal for the Study of Animal Problems, 4(4), 312-320.