Animal issues are playing a crucial role in making the World Trade Organization (WTO), the international body responsible for initiating and enforcing global trade rules, publicly visible. Current WTO rules prohibit the types of enforcement mechanisms relied upon by sovereign nations to make animal protection initiatives effective; as a result, many animal protection measures in this country and abroad have been reversed or stymied in the face of WTO challenges or threatened challenges. The WTO’s adverse impact on animal protection is one of the reasons why the WTO’s new-found public image is increasingly a negative one.
Jenkins, L., & Stumberg, R. (2001). Animal protection in a world dominated by the World Trade Organization. In D.J. Salem & A.N. Rowan (Eds.), The state of the animals 2001 (pp. 149-164). Washington, DC: Humane Society Press.