Download Full Text (28.2 MB)

Download Table of Contents / Foreward (141 KB)

Download Chapter 1 - Introduction (1.0 MB)

Download Chapter 2 - Societies for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (2.5 MB)

Download Chapter 3 - The European War and Animal Protection (752 KB)

Download Chapter 4 - Animal Welfare Associations (980 KB)

Download Chapter 5 - State Activities for Animal Welfare (573 KB)

Download Chapter 6 - Organization and Finances of Anti-Cruelty Societies (937 KB)

Download Chapter 7 - Recent Developments in Animal Protection (1.7 MB)

Download Chapter 8 - Humane Education (1.6 MB)

Download Chapter 9 - Antivivisection (1.6 MB)

Download Chapter 10 - Organizations for Child Protection (4.7 MB)

Download Chapter 11 - Policies and Activities of Child Protective Societies (2.1 MB)

Download Chapter 12 - State Activities for Child Protection (436 KB)

Download Appendices (7.0 MB)

Download Bibliography (262 KB)

Download Index (656 KB)


This study attempts to continue for the brief period from 1910 to 1922 Professor Roswell C. McCrea's descriptive survey of the Humane Movement in the United States, which covered the distinctive features of legislation and organized efforts for animal and child protection. Professor McCrea gave an outline presentation of the historical background and development for at least a generation prior to 1909-1910. While making free use of Professor McCrea's materials and in some cases restating his conclusions, I have made no attempt to cover the same ground, but have begun this study with the year 1909-1910 where he left off.

I wish that it were possible to acknowledge in this place my deep obligations to the many persons whose assistance has contributed so materially to the completion of this study. The annual reports of the several hundred humane and child and animal protective societies, and many score of pamphlets on which this study is so largely based, were furnished to me through the courtesy of the officials of these societies, most of whom were known to me only by name. I wish here to express my gratitude to certain of these officials who gave me special assistance and helped me with valuable advice-Col. Coulter, General Manager of the New York S. P. C. C.; Mr. Lathrop, General Agent of the Massachusetts S. P. C. C., and Mr. Carl C. Carstens, who formerly held that office; Mr. Horton, the General Manager of the American S. P. C. A. ; and the officials of the Massachusetts S. P. C. A. Above all, I appreciate the sympathy with this work and the suggestions accorded me by the late Dr. William O. Stillman, president of the American Humane Association.

Professor Samuel McCune Lindsay of Columbia University, the director of the Henry Bergh Foundation under whose auspices this study was written, assisted and advised me at every step of my work, and these printed words are but inadequate acknowledgment of my indebtedness to him. I owe much to the assistance of the librarians of the Economics Division of the New York Public Library. The chapter on Anti-Vivisection could not have been written in its present form without invaluable suggestions and help from Dr. Frederick S. Lee of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University. The Legislative Drafting Bureau of Columbia University was of material assistance in compiling the legislative digests in Appendices I and II. Mr. Agostino Viggiani and my wife helped me in the reading of manuscript and the correction of proof.

Publication Date



Columbia University


New York


children, animal welfare, anti-vivisection, humane education, animal law, anti-cruelty


Animal Studies | Civic and Community Engagement | Politics and Social Change


Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Faculty of Political Science, Columbia University.

The Humane Movement in the United States: 1910-1922