Bekoff, Marc and Pierce, Jessica (2016) Animal welfare cannot adequately protect nonhuman animals: The need for a science of animal well-being. Animal Sentience. 7(2)
A focus on animal welfare in the use of nonhuman animals in the service of human economic and scientific interests does not and cannot adequately protect (nonhuman) animals. It presupposes that using other animals for human ends is acceptable as long as we try our best to improve the welfare of the animals we use. We argue instead for a “science of animal well-being” in which the protection of animal needs is not subordinated to human economic or scientific interests.