Signal, Tania (2016) When the client is not the abuser, but one of the abused. Animal Sentience. 6(3)
Martine Lachance, Breaking the silence: The veterinarian’s duty to report
The question of client confidentiality and reporting animal abuse is complicated when the client is not the abuser, and when the abuse (of both people and animals) may escalate precisely because it has been (or may be) reported.