King, Barbara J. (2016) Understanding emotional suffering. Animal Sentience. 4(9)
Barbara J. King, Animal mourning: Précis of How animals grieve (King 2013)
In responding to insightful commentaries from 7 scholars, for which I am grateful, I offer new thoughts on whether animals can conceptualize and express signs of grief. I also discuss why I included both weak and strong examples of animal mourning, and how this work may help us think about enhanced welfare for animals, including freedom from emotional suffering.