Woodruff, Michael L. (2016) Implicit mental processes are an improbable basis for personhood Animal Sentience 2016.102
Mark Rowlands, Are animals persons?
Rowlands argues that animals have implicit pre-reflective awareness and that this is adequate to create the unity of conscious thought required for personhood. For him pre-reflective awareness does not include intentionality and is probably an unconscious process. I suggest that his sense of implicit leads to significant difficulties for his argument and that including intentionality in the definition of a first-person perspective provides a stronger base for viewing animals as persons.