Document Type


Publication Date



This article presents the scientific argument that learning methods that replace traditional nonhuman animal-consumptive methods in life science education—so-called alternatives to dissection—are pedagogically sound and probably superior to dissection. This article focuses on the pedagogy, a learning method’s effectiveness for conveying knowledge.


This file contains a post-print version of the article, which has the same content as the final edited version but is not formatted according to the layout of the published journal.